How We Work
Innovative approach to collect and analyze information
Most GHG emissions are legal. However, a significant share of GHG emissions results from, or is associated with, conduct that violates existing law. Emissions caused by deforestation and forest degradation are one striking example: a World Bank study on forest crimes found that up to 90% of logging in key producer tropical countries is illegal and involves criminal activities.
CCCA takes an innovative approach to collect and analyze information relevant to illegal GHG emissions. This approach follows the Law Enforcement Support Model, which explains how to improve the effectiveness of the judicial branch of government to confront global challenges, such as climate change, by empowering citizens and other non-state actors to provide it with the support needed to do so.
For each specific project, CCCA partners with NGOs, other organizations and experts that have access to information and/or expertise relevant to that project, and carries out the following activities:
Collect information publicly available and through partners
CCCA develops preliminary case hypotheses by gathering and reviewing open source information that was collected by other organizations, including IGOs, NGOs, media organisations, scientific experts, business corporations, IT and other technology companies, educational institutions and private individuals.
Produce additional information
CCCA tests and consolidates its case hypotheses by collecting additional information through the following methods:
- Conduct cutting edge open source investigation and analysis. Open source investigation techniques rely on modern information technology and are increasingly used by national and international law enforcement authorities. The analysis conducted through these means includes geolocation of videos and photographs, satellite imagery and radio signals analysis, identification of persons and objects, tracking of movements and the verification of documents.
- Rely on a network of organizations, including NGO who are already deployed on the ground, and experts from a variety of scientific fields to collect information relevant to an investigation. CCCA coordinates the information collection of these organizations and experts and provides guidance on the type of information that is sought, on minimum standards that should be adhered to when collecting, storing and sharing information and on measures to avoid or limit risks. Through this coordination and guidance, CCCA ensures that the information collected by CCCA’s partner organizations and experts is relevant to law enforcement, as complete as possible and admissible as evidence in potential court proceedings.
- Make targeted requests for additional information to potential information holders.
- Solicit the provision of documents, and communication with, anonymous sources through a secure communication channel (SecureDrop).
Conduct legal and forensic analysis
In so doing, CCCA undertakes the following steps:
- Identify reliable information by applying a standard analytical methodology, by focussing on the best information and by seeking corroboration from multiple independent sources.
- Identify the full range of applicabale legal standards and climate commitments.
- Analyse reliable information in light of the relevant substantive and procedural law and climate commitments. CCCA focusses on legal statutes that are most likely to be enforced successfully.
- Analyze potentially exonerating information and theories.
- Conduct a gap analysis and provide lead information on how the identified gaps could be addressed through a formal investigation.
- Prepare actionable and user friendly case files that include relevant information and analysis.